How to Create TMG Events in SAP ABAP

TMG Events in SAP ABAP Step by Step Process


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Here is the step by step process to fetch some value of the table’s field automatically using very useful features of ABAP – TMG Events in SAP ABAP.

Step 1: Execute the Transaction Code SE11 in SAP Command bar and type the table name. Then click on the “Create” button.

Step 2: Create all the required fields for table ZEMP as per the below screen.

Step 3: Go to the tab “Delivery and Maintenance” and fill the value as per below screen.

Step 4:  Now, Go to the “Utilities” menu and click on “Table Maintenance Generator”.

TMG Events in SAP ABAP

Step 5: Following screen will be displayed.

Enter the details for the required fields as per below screen.

TMG Events in SAP ABAP

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Function Group:- It is the name to which the generated maintenance modules will belong to.

Generally, Function Group name can be the same as the table name.  

Authorization Group:- If you want to maintain the table by a particular group of people, then the Authorization group needs to be filled otherwise fill it as NC. You can maintain the authorization group using transaction Code SU21.

Propose Screen Numbers and click on Save button,

Package Name:-You have to provide the package name.

There are two different maintenance screen types

    One Step

    Two Step

One Step

    In “One step” we will have only an overview screen for TMG.

    And you will able to see and maintain only through the overview screen.

Two Step

    Here, we will have two screens. Overview screen and Single screen.

    Overview screen will contain only key fields and single screen will contain all the other fields means without key fields.

Step 6: After setting these things you have to change the header text of the table maintenance generator otherwise header text will not show and it will display only ‘+’ sign when you create an entry into the table.

Please see the screen below.

Go to the Menu “Environment” then select “Modification” and then click on “Maintenance Screen”.

TMG Events in SAP ABAP

Select the line on the next screen and click on the continue button.

Now Click on Continue button.

On next screen, click on “Layout” icon to change the table’s Header text.

You can see that text has been changed as shown below snapshot.

Now, If you execute this, the screen will be displayed like this.

Step 7: In this step, we will try to populate values of  fields “Created by and Created on” automatically.

You have to provid only Emp. ID, Emp. Name and Gender the other two fields should become automatically.

For this, we will go to the menu “Environment” then select “Modification” and click on “Events”.

Step 8: Create a FORM routine to write the code for updating the table. Here, I have selected “01” for

Capture the changes before saving and “05” for creating a new entry.

(Table Maintenance Generator) TMG Events in SAP ABAP

The value to be displayed on the maintenance screen for any field can also be altered like for every new entry in the table as per the requirement.

For this reason, Event needs to be chosen which performs the action by the user. In this case event “01″ used to update the data before saving and “05 creating a new entry”.

Events which are available in Table Maintenance Generator (TMG Events in SAP ABAP).

01         Before saving the data in the database

02         After saving the data in the database

03         Before deleting the data displayed

04         After deleting the data displayed

05         Creating a new entry

06         After completely performing the function ‘Get original’

07         Before correcting the contents of a selected field

08         After correcting the contents of a selected field

09         After getting the original of an entry

10         After creating the header entries for the change task (E071)

11         After changing a key entry for the change task (E071K)

12         After changing the key entries for the change task (E071K)

13         Exit editing (exit main function module)

14         After lock/unlock in the main function module

15         Before retrieving deleted entries

16         After retrieving deleted entries

17         Do not use. Before print: Event 26

18         After checking whether the data has changed

19         After initializing global variables, field symbols, etc.

20         after input in date sub screen (time-dep. tab. /views)

21         Fill hidden fields

22         Go to long text maintenance for other languages

23         Before calling address maintenance screen

24         After restricting an entry (time-dep. tab./views)

25         Individual authorization checks

26         Before creating a list

27         After creation or copying a GUID (not a key field)

28         After entering a date restriction for time-dep. views

AA        Instead of the standard data read routine

AB        Instead of the standard database change routine

AC        Instead of the standard ‘Get original’ routine

AD        Instead of the standard RO field read routine

AE        Instead of standard positioning coding

AF        Instead of reading texts in other languages

AG       Instead of ‘Get original’ for texts in other languages

AH       Instead of DB change for texts in other languages

ST        GUI menu main program name

AI         Internal use only

Step 9: Go to the editor to write the code by using the Editor icon as shown below.

Click on Editor Icon to do the code for both the FORM as shown below screen.

Activate both the subroutines.

Step 10: Next, we will create and update the table data to test the Update and Create events.

Go to Table Maintenance Generator using (Transaction Code SM30 ) and Click on maintain button as shown below.

Step 11: Click on “New Entries” Icon.

Fill the Emp. ID, Emp. Name and Gender and press Enter button.  Remaining two fields (Created by ad created on) will be populated automatically.

Both the Columns “Created by” and “Created on” populated automatically of table ZEMP as shown below.

Thanks for reading this article for TMG Events in SAP ABAP.

Summary:

Following the above-mentioned steps are which we are able to see the table create and update logs for a custom table “ZEMP”.

It contains the logs of who has created the entry and when.

Using this feature of SAP ABAP we can do many operations on the Database table to capture logs as well as set the validation.

This is very helpful features of SAP ABAP and this is done by technical guys ABAPers.

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