SAP ABAP Basics – Everything you need to know about ABAP


Free SAP ABAP Course

SAP ABAP Interview Questions – Real Time

SAP ABAP Fundamentals

What is SAP ERP?

Ans: ERP stands for Enterprise Resource Planning is a business process management software that allows big organizations to use a system of integrated applications to manage their businesses.

Examples of most popular ERPs: SAP and Oracle

ERP is used to integrate the entire business to a single platform & can manage and integrates important business parts.

Example: ERP Integration (Below Business Parts includes) in a single platform.


            Production Planning (PP)

            – Material Management (MM)

            – Sales & Distribution (SD)

            – Human Resource (HR)

            – Finance (FI)

            Warehouse Management (WM)

            Supply Chain Management (SCM)

            Customer Relationship Management (SRM)

            – Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) Etc.

What is SAP?

Ans: SAP Stands for Systems, Applications, and Products in the data processing. This is an easy, well-known & most popular ERP in the world. Most big businesses run SAP in the world. It is used to implement and integrate all the business processes together, like MM, FI, PP, SD, HR, WM, etc. SAP makes business processing very simple, delightful, and easy to work on.

SAP launched SAP S/4HANA, the newest generation of the SAP Business Suite. It provides cloud, on-premises, and hybrid deployment options to customers. SAP S/4 HANA benefits include a smaller data footprint, higher throughput, faster analytics, and faster access to data. It also provides the facility for existing SAP Business Suite customers to upgrade to this product.


What is SAP ABAP?

Ans: ABAP Stands for Advance Business Application Programming. It is a High-level 4th generation programming language developed by SAP Germany. Using this ABAPers (SAP Technical Consultants) can develop objects like Reports, Forms, Interfaces, User Exits BADIs & many more SAP ABAP Programs.

Why SAP is required?

Ans: SAP System is used to simplify & control the business processes. It has many more advantages such as:

Reduced Material Cost,

Better Production Planning,

Better Inventory Management,

Increases Productivity,

Better Human Resources Management,

Provides Transparency in the Business,

SAP is More Secure & Real-Time Data Processing Etc.

What are SAP Modules & Their Types?

Ans: SAP Module is a separate Business function of an Organization such as Finance, Supply Chain Management, Business Intelligence, Human Capital Management & Sales, etc.

Each SAP module includes a single business function.

There are many SAP Modules provided by SAP.

Financial Accounting (FI)

Sales and Distribution (SD)

Materials Management (MM)

Production Planning (PP)

Plant Maintenance (PM)

Project System (PS)

Human Resources (HR)

Quality Management (QM)

Logistics Execution (LE)

Supply Chain Management (SCM)

Customer Relationship Management (SRM)

Product Lifecycle Management (PLM)

Warehouse Management (WM)  Etc.

What is SAP NetWeaver?

Ans: SAP NetWeaver is a technology of the software company SAP SE, and the technical foundation for many SAP applications. It is a solution stack of SAP’s technology products.

This technology allows organizations to integrate data, business processes, elements, and more from a variety of sources into unified SAP environments.

The NetWeaver platform was a portal technology developed by Israeli software company TopTier Software (founded in 1997), which SAP acquired in 2001. The founder of TopTier Software, Shai Agassi, joined SAP and was given responsibility for the company’s overall technology strategy and execution. He initiated the development of the integration and application platform that became the NetWeaver platform.

NetWeaver 7.0, also known as 2004s, was made available on October 24, 2005. The latest available release is SAP NetWeaver 7.5 SP 13.

What is SAP Landscape?

Ans: In the SAP system, the Server has three layers Development server(DEV), a Quality Server(QAS), and a Production server(PRD). All SAP objects developments are done on the DEV server initially, after that changes are moved to the QAS server for pre-production testing, if everything is ok then changes are moved to PRD for Live. This is called SAP Landscape.

What is SAP Business Blueprint?

Ans: Business Model is called Business Blueprint. This is a clear understanding and description of the business process of the existing organization.

This is the main implementation document. The SAP Blueprint document describes all the important configuration settings to adapt the SAP ERP to fulfill company requirements.

During the SAP implementation, we follow the business blueprint document to meet the organization’s requirements.

How to login into the SAP system?

Ans: We need the following information before login into the SAP system.

SAP GUI logon Pad must be installed on our system.

You must have the name of the system you are logging on it.

You must have your client number.

You must have a user ID and your password.

Provide the language which you want to use for the logon.

When you log on the first time, you usually need an initial password for the system. You can get this initial password from your system administrator or the Basis team.