Best SAP MM Interview Questions – 2022

SAP MM Interview Questions


Real time SAP MM Interview Questions with Answers

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1. How to create a material master in SAP MM?

To create a material master record in SAP MM you have to run the Transaction Code MM01. After execution of this transaction brings us to the initial screen of MM01. In that screen, we need to provide basic two information for the material like

Enter Industry sector

and Material Type.

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2. How to create a Purchase Info Record in SAP MM?

To create a Purchase Info Record you have to use Transaction Code ME11 and provide the below-mentioned details in the initial screen.

Vendor Number

Material Number

Purchasing Organization and

Plant

And then select Info Category as Standard Radio button.

On the next screen, you have to provide information about the Vendor Data.

3. What are the essential components in SAP MM?

Determine Business Requirements

Vendor Selection

Order Processing

Order follow up

Goods receipts

Inventory management

Invoice Verification

4. How to create a Purchase Requisition in SAP MM?

Enter Transaction Code ME51N in SAP command Bar and Press Enter Button.

Now Enter the following information as mentioned below.

Purchase Requisition Document Type: NB – standard.

Source Determination: ON or OFF.

Header Note.

Material: Material Number.

Quantity and

UoM (Unit of Measure).

Storage Location: Where material will be stored.

Vendor: Automatically determined by using source determination.

5. How to create RFQ(Request for Quotation) in SAP MM?

Execute Transaction code ME41 in SAP Command Bar and provide the details as mentioned below.

RFQ Type

Language Key

RFQ Date

Quotation Deadline

RFQ

and then enter the organizational Data

Purchase Organization

Purchase Group

after that provide line Item details

Delivery Date

Supplier Address details and then save it.

6. How to create Stock Transfer Order in SAP MM?

There are the following steps required to create a Stock Transfer Order in SAP MM.

Please follow the below-mentioned steps.

Create Material Master: MM01

Create Info Records for STO Process: ME11

Create Outbound Delivery: VL10B

Do the Post Goods Issue: VL02N

Create STO Billing: VF01

Do the Goods Receipts: MIGO

Do the FI Invoice Posting: J_1IG_INV

7. How to create Subcontracting Process in SAP MM?

The subcontracting process shows you how to do record transactions related to subcontracting with chargeable components.

There are the following steps required to create Subcontracting Process in SAP MM.

Material Master: MM02

Create Vendor Master: BP

Create Subcontracting Purchase order: ME21N

Subcontracting PO release: ME29N

Transfer posting of material to Subcontracting Vendor: MIGO

Subcontracting Challan: J1IGSUBCON

Goods Receipts: MIGO

Quantity Reconciliation of Subcontracting Challan’s: J1IGRECON

Invoice Verification: MIRO

8. What is Consignment Process and How to create this in SAP MM?

Consignment Process in SAP for a vendor is used when a vendor provides the company materials on loan. The materials of the company are kept in the warehouse until you withdraw the said materials for processing. So then, liability is created for the vendor, and payment is done on agreed intervals, for example, weekly or monthly.

Create Consignment Process: The Transaction Code is ME11 which is used to create the Consignment Process in SAP MM.

The following information is required to do this.

Vendor Number

Material Number

Purchase Org.

Plant and

Then Select the Consignment radio button from Info. Category and then press Enter.

9. What is Service Entry Sheet in SAP MM?

The Service Entry Sheet in SAP MM is used to store a record of all Services that are procured and it maintains a service entry sheet and in the case of procurement of goods, we maintain a goods receipt document.

10. How to create a Service Entry Sheet in SAP MM?

Execute the Tcode ML81N and click on the “Other Purchase Order” icon and provide Purchase Order number and then press the Enter button to create a new Service Entry Sheet.

Click on the “Service Sel.” button to adopt service from PO.

Select the line item then click on the “Services” button to adopts the services.

Click on the “Accept” (Flag Icon) button and click on Save.

An accounting document will be generated and Service will be accepted for PO.

11. What is Import Procurement Process in SAP MM?

Generally, we pay the customs duty to the Government when we procure products from outside the country. For this, we create Import Purchase Order against the Foreign Vendor with the foreign currency. And we maintain condition type in the purchase order.

12. How to create Import Procurement Process in SAP MM?

There are the following steps that are required to do the Import Procurement Process in SAP MM.

Create Import Purchase order: ME21N

PO Release: ME28

Paid Custom Duty to Custom Vendor: MIRO

Goods Receipts: MIGO

Invoice Verification: MIRO

13. Explain different types of stocks in SAP MM.

There are three types of stocks

Valuated Stock
Non-valuated stock
Special Stock

14. Explain different types of Info Record.

Standard
Pipeline
Subcontracting
Consignment

15. What is Internal Procurement?

In big organizations, there are different types of separate businesses entity with an internal procurement process, the requirements of material and services are gathered from an identical company. However, each identical company has to maintain a complete bookkeeping system along with separate Profit and Loss statements, Balance Sheets.

16. What is External Procurement?

When the procurement of products or services is done from external vendors, it is known as an external procurement. It has three primary forms, Example:

One-time orders: This term is used for those goods that are needed irregularly.

Longer-term contracts: This term is used for those materials that are ordered regularly in large quantities.

Longer-term scheduling agreements: This term is used for that material, which is ordered regularly and also in large quantities.

17. What are the main features of SAP material management?

Purchasing
Receiving
Non-production stores
Transportation
Production and material control
Material handling

18. What do you mean by material requirement planning (MRP)?

MRP: – Material requirement planning is a sub-module of SAP. It relates to module MM and PP. It is a sort of planning tool to assist procurement and production planning in establishing realistic and possible plans which help to initiate procurement and production procedures swiftly.

19. What steps are involved in Procurement Lifecycle?

Gathering information – The procurement process starts with gathering information about the goods and their quantity. Once gathered all the information, the necessary steps are taken to find out the suppliers to satisfy the requirements.

Contact suppliers: After gathering all the information, the next will be to look for suppliers to get the requirements. Then, quotation requests are sent to suppliers to get the best rates.

Review about the background: Once you get to know about the suppliers, necessary steps are taken to investigate the suppliers like warranties, maintenance services, etc. that he can offer along with supply.

Negotiation: After reviewing the background, negotiation is done by the buyer. Whatever negotiation is made, it is finalized by an agreement along with other information like delivery date, the quantity of material, etc.

Fulfillment of Order: Finally, the order becomes delivered to the supplier accordingly ordered.

Consumption,

Maintenance, and

Disposal,

Lastly, necessary steps are initiated to consume, maintained, and dispose of the material.

20. What is MIRO?

MIRO: – It means movement in receipt out. It deals with invoice verification activities in terms of bills raised from the vendor’s end. MIRO is basically used by MIRO Transaction Code.

21. What is invoice processing?

This is used by a company’s account payable to manage supplier invoices. Invoice processing is initiated when an invoice is accepted and ends when it becomes clear, and it becomes shown in the general ledger.

22. What is MIGO?

MIGO: – It is used for those goods that are moving out like from plant to plant transfer, goods receipt, storage location to storage location transfer, etc. The term MIGO is used by the logistics departments. The Transaction Code is MIGO.